ZOO-Kernel configuration

Main configuration file

ZOO-Kernel general settings are defined in a configuration file called main.cfg. This file is stored in the same directory as ZOO-Kernel (/usr/lib/cgi-bin/ in most cases). It provides usefull metadata information on your ZOO-Kernel installation.


ZOO-Kernel (/usr/lib/cgi-bin/zoo_loader.cgi) and its configuration file (/usr/lib/cgi-bin/main.cfg) must be in the same directory.


Information contained by /usr/lib/cgi-bin/main.cfg is accessible from WPS Services at runtime, so when Execute requests are used.

Default main.cfg

An example main.cfg file is given here as reference.



keywords=t,ZOO-Project, ZOO-Kernel,WPS,GIS
title=ZOO-Project demo instance
abstract= This is ZOO-Project, the Open WPS platform.

providerName=GeoLabs SARL
addressDeliveryPoint=1280, avenue des Platanes
individualName=Gerald FENOY

Main section

The main.cfg [main] section parameters are explained bellow.

  • version: Supported WPS version.
  • encoding: Default encoding of WPS Responses.
  • dataPath: Path to the directory where data files are stored (used to store mapfiles and data when MapServer support is activated).
  • tmpPath: Path to the directory where temporary files are stored (such as ExecuteResponse when storeExecuteResponse is set to true).
  • tmpUrl: URL to access the temporary files directory (cf. tmpPath).
  • cacheDir: Path to the directory where cached request files [1] are stored (optional).
  • serverAddress: URL to the ZOO-Kernel instance.
  • mapservAddress: URL to the MapServer instance (optional).
  • msOgcVersion: Version of all supported OGC Web Services output [2] (optional).
  • lang: Supported natural languages separated by a coma (the first is the default one),
  • cors: Define if the ZOO-Kernel should support Cross-Origin Resource Sharing. If this parameter is not defined, then the ZOO-Kernel won’t support CORS.
  • servicePath: Define a specific location to search for services rather than using the ZOO-Kernel directory. If this parameter is not defined, then the ZOO-Kernel will search for services using its directory.
  • libPath: (Optional) Path to a directory where the ZOO-kernel should search for service providers, e.g., shared libraries with service implementations (the serviceProvider parameter in the service configuration (.zcfg) file).
  • memory: (Optional) can take the value load to ensure that the value field of the inputs data will be filled by the ZOO-Kernel or protected to have only the cache_file filled.
  • handleText: (Optional) set it to true to get your Complex data nodes containing text not requiring a single CDATA node. Be aware that in case you use any HTML or XML there, you will then need to rebuild the string to get the original format of the text from your service code. In case you do not add handleText or set its value to true, you will simply need to use the value as it was provided in a single CDATA node provided in the Execute request.


The libPath parameter is currently only recognized by services implemented in C/C++ or PHP, and may be moved to another section in future versions.


Depending on the memory parameter the WPS Service will receive different fields (value or cache_file).

In case you have activated the MapServer support, please refer to this specific section.

Identification and Provider

The [identification] and [provider] sections are not ZOO-Project specific. They provide OGC metadata [3] and should be set according to the XML Schema Document which encodes the parts of ISO 19115 used by the common ServiceIdentification and ServiceProvider sections of the GetCapabilities operation response, known as the service metadata XML document.

Details of the common OWS 1.1.0 ServiceIdentification section can be found in this XML Schema Document.

Details of the common OWS 1.1.0 ServiceProvider section can be found in this XML Schema Document.

Additional sections

All the additional sections discribed in the following section are optional.

Headers section

The [headers] section can be set in order to define a specific HTTP Response header, which will be used for every response. As an example, you can check http://zoo-project.org using curl command line tool and notice the specific header X-Powered-By: Zoo-Project@Trac.

In case you want to allow CORS support for POST requests coming from myhost.net, then you should define the following minimal parameters in this section:


curl section

The [curl] section is used on windows platform to specify, using the cainfo parameter, where is located the cacert.pem file on your machine. An example bellow is provided to illustrate sur a setting.


env section

The [env] section can be used to store specific environment variables to be set prior the loading of Services Provider and Service execution.

A typical example is when a Service requires the access to a X server running on framebuffer, which takes to set the DISPLAY environnement variable, as follow:


In case you have activated the OTB support, please refer to this specific section.

lenv section

The lenv section is used by the ZOO-Kernel to store runtime informations before the execution of a WPS service, it contains the following parameters:

  • sid (r): The WPS Service unique identifier,
  • status (rw): The current progress value ( a value between 0 and 100 in percent (%) ),
  • cwd (r): The current working directory of ZOO-Kernel,
  • message (rw): An error message used when SERVICE_FAILED is returned (optional),
  • cookie (rw): The cookie to be returned to the client (for example for authentication purpose).
  • file.pid (r): The file used by the ZOO-Kernel to store process identifier.
  • file.sid (r): The file used by the ZOO-Kernel to store service identifier.
  • file.responseInit (r): The file used by the ZOO-Kernel to store the initial (then final) WPS response.
  • file.responseFinal (r): The file used by the ZOO-Kernel to temporary store the final WPS response.

renv section

The renv section is automatically created by the ZOO-Kernel before the execution of a WPS service, it contains all the environment variables available at runtime (so including the header fields in case it is used through http, refer to [https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3875 rfc3875] for more details).

senv section

The senv section can be used to store sessions information on the server side. Such information can then be accessed automatically from the Service if the server is requested using a valid cookie (as defined in lenv section). ZOO-Kernel will store the values set in the senv maps on disk, load it and dynamically replace its content to the one in the main.cfg. The senv section must contain the following parameter at least:

  • XXX: The session unique identifier where XXX is the name included in the cookie which is returned.
conf["lenv"]["cookie"]="XXX=XXX1000000; path=/"
conf["senv"]={"XXX": "XXX1000000","login": "demoUser"}

means that ZOO-Kernel will create a file named sess_XXX1000000.cfg in the cacheDir directory, and will return the specified cookie to the client. Each time the client will request ZOO-Kernel using this cookie, it will automatically load the value stored before the Service execution.

Security section

The [security] section can be used to define what headers, the ZOO-Kernel has initially received in the request, should be passed to other servers for accessing resources (such as WMS, WFS, WCS or any other file passed as a reference). This section contains two parameters:

  • attributes: The header to pass to other servers (such as Authorization, Cookie, User-Agent ...),
  • hosts: The host for wich the restriction apply (can be “*” to forward header to every server or a coma separated list of host names, domain, IP).

Both parameters are mandatory.

Suppose you need to share Authorization, Cookie and User-Agent to every server for accessing ressources, then yo ucan use the following section definition:


In case only local servers require such header forwarding, you may use the following definition:


Optionaly, you can also define the shared url(s), meaning that even if the ressource requires authentication to be accessed, this authentifcation won’t be used to define the name for storing the file. Hence, two user with different authentication will use the same file as it is considerated as shared. You can find bellow a sample security section containing the shared parameter. In this example, every requests to access the coverage using the url defined in the shared parameter (myHost/cgi-bin/WCS_Server) will be shared between users.


Database section

The database section allows to configure the ZOO-Kernel optional database support.


This will generate strings to be passed to GDAL to connect the database server:

<type>:host=<host> port=<port>  user=<user> dbname=<dbname>

With the previous database section, it will give the following:

PG:"dbname=zoo_project host= port=5432 user=username"

Please refer to this section to learn how to setup the database.

Metadb section

The metadb section allows to configure the ZOO-Kernel to access the metadata information about WPS Services by using a PostgreSQL database in addition to the zcfg files.


This will generate strings to be passed to GDAL to connect the database server:

<type>:host=<host> port=<port>  user=<user> dbname=<dbname>

With the previous database section, it will give the following:

PG:"dbname=zoo_metadb host= port=5432 user=username"

Please refer to this section to learn how to setup the database.

Include section

The [include] section (optional) lists explicitely a set of service configuration files the the ZOO-Kernel should parse, e.g.,

servicename1 = /my/service/repository/service1.zcfg
servicename2 = /my/service/repository/service2.zcfg

The [include] section may be used to control which services are exposed to particular user groups. While service configuration files (.zcfg) may be located in a common repository or in arbitrary folders, main.cfg files at different URLs may include different subsets of services.

When the ZOO-Kernel handles a request, it will first check if there is an [include] section in main.cfg and then search for other .zcfg files in the current working directory (CWD) and subdirectories. If an included service happens to be located in a CWD (sub)directory, it will be published by its name in the [include] section. For example, the service /[CWD]/name/space/myService.zcfg would normally be published as name.space.myService, but if it is listed in the [include] section it will be published simply as myService:

myService =  /[CWD]/name/space/myService.zcfg

On the other hand, with

myService =  /some/other/dir/myService.zcfg

there would be two distinct services published as myService and name.space.myService, respectively, with two different zcfg files.


As currently implemented, the ZOO-Kernel searches the CWD for the library files of included services if the libPath parameter is not set.

OpenAPI Specification configuration file

Since revision 949 of the ZOO-Kernel, you can now activate the OGC API - Processing support. In such a case you will need to have an oas.cfg file located in tne same directory where the main.cfg is.

This oas.cfg file gets the same syntactic rules than the main.cfg. The ZOO-Kernel uses this file to produce information about the open API specification it is referring to.

The first section to be found in the oas.cfg file should be the [openapi]. It contains the following parameters:

  • rootUrl: the URL to access the ZOO-Kernel using OGC API - Processing
  • links: the links provided from the root
  • paths: the full paths list
  • parameters: the parameters list defined in paths
  • header_parameters: the parameters list client applications can send as header
  • version: the Open API Specification version
  • license_name: the license name for the service
  • license_url: the license URL
  • full_html_support: set it to true to activate support of the Accept header to choose between text/html or application/json format
  • partial_html_support: set it to true in case you have the display service from the open-api directory and you want to aknowledge the text/html format in links
  • wsUrl: the WebSocket URL to subscribe client to redis
  • publisherUrl: the URL used to publish status updates

For any links and paths /A defined, you will have a corresponding [/A] and [A] sections. In the [/A] section you will define the rel, type and title used from the root URL to produce the links list and the paths object from. In the corresponding [A] section, you will define the following parameters:

  • method: the HTTP method to use to access this resource
  • title: resource title
  • abstract: resource description
  • tags: tags to classify this resource
  • tags_description: the tag description
  • schema: the schema specifying the resource

In case you want to define multiple methods to access a resource, you can then use the length parameter to define the number of parameters group to parse, then use method_1, title_1, abstract_1, tags_1, tags_description_1 and schema_1 and so on to add one or more access method (and other attributes) to this resource.

When declaring resource access you may want to add a parameter to your request. In such a case, you can add a parameter named “parameters” which contain the supported parameters list. All parameters defined should be rooted in the components field. Parameters which can be used in the path will be identified by {NAME} and will get a specific section for its definition:

  • type: nature of the parameter (i.e. string)
  • title: parameter title
  • abstract: parameter description
  • in: where the parameter can be used (ie. path, header, query)
  • required: define if the parameter is optional (false) or not (true)
  • example: (optional) provide an example value / URL

In addition to the sections defined previously, there are three other sections that we did not cover yet. Theses sections are:

  • [requestBody]: defining the request body abstract (description), type (application/json) and schema (reference).
  • [exception]: defining the exception bastract (description), type (application/json) and schema (reference).
  • [conformTo]: referring to links list of the requirements classes the server implements and conforms to

In case you have set partial_html_support or partial_html_support set to true, then you can add a corresponding [A.html] section providing the link informations. Also, it means that you are willing to let the client choose in between application/json and text/html format by providing the corresponding Accept header in its request, when full_html_support is set to true or by using the .html extension in the URL, in case partial_html_support was set true. Also, the user interface provided in the open-api directory will let the client goes untill the execution of a job. In case you want this functionality to be working correctly we invite you to use a .htaccess equivalent to the one provided here. Also the WebSocket can be started using websocketd in combinaison with the subscriber.py script, finally you will need to add the publish.py script in the cgi-bin directory of your web server.

For more information on how to interact with this WPS REST Binding, please refer to this page or use the Swagger UI. A live instance is available here.


[1]If GET requests are passed through xlink:href to the ZOO-Kernel , the latter will execute the request the first time and store the result on disk. The next time the same request is executed, the cached file will be used and this will make your process run much faster. If cachedir was not specified in the main.cfg then the tmpPath value will be used.
[2]Usefull when the Optional MapServer support is activated (available since ZOO-Project version 1.3.0).
[3]ZOO-Kernel and MapServer are sharing the same metadata for OGC Web Services if the Optional MapServer support is activated.